The building-“cardboard,” or Why build flat buildings and how is this an optical illusion

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The flat houses of the world.

 

The flat houses of the world.

In urban planning in many countries can meet the unique projects of multi-storey buildings with the effect of optical illusions. Though not so much, but building with such an unconventional layout immediately turn into the real city attractions, which acquire incredible stories and legends. After looking at these masterpieces, just amazed at what this machine is kept absolutely flat, but as it turned out, the secret of this construction is very simple.
 

For several the construction of unique homes.

 

For several the construction of unique homes.

So many versions and speculation are the cause of so extraordinary buildings that started to be erected a few centuries ago. And the older the house, the more unreal stories hovering around it up to the participation of the evil forces in its creation. After all, ordinary laymen it is difficult to imagine how such a huge structure can be a triangular shape and many decades to stand without falling, and most of all worried – like it is inhabited. Case and in each case their legends, but the majority boils down to the following reasons:
 

Flat house on Presnensky to a Shaft in Moscow (Russia). | Photo: kudago.com.

 

Flat house on Presnensky to a Shaft in Moscow (Russia). | Photo: kudago.com.

To build a house did not have enough money, with the result that the architects decided to build only three walls in order to invest in budget.
 

"Witch house" in the Vorontsov lane Odessa has a width of the narrow end is only 1 meter (Ukraine).

 

"Witch house" in the Vorontsov lane Odessa has a width of the narrow end is only 1 meter (Ukraine).

Most of the materials stolen, and to finish the construction, had to cut the area of the rectangle diagonally. When looking at the façade, no one will guess that it is triangular.
 

Flat house of St. Petersburg (Moika river embankment and the street Borovoy, Russia).

 

Flat house of St. Petersburg (Moika river embankment and the street Borovoy, Russia).

To see fit the facade of the building in General architectural picture. If so, the tenants were allowed to finish the house into the yard, as you want. Well, and if not, then half of the house was to tear down much easier and costs less.
 

Wall-house in Odessa, built in 1937 by architects Minkus and Shapovalenko (Ukraine).

 

Wall-house in Odessa, built in 1937 by architects Minkus and Shapovalenko (Ukraine).

Thus the architects tried to stand out, because as a rule, these houses became the most discussed sites of the city, and hence their names have become increasingly popular.
 

Flatiron building - the famous skyscraper-a wall with a height of 82 meters with the width of the North end of the house is only 2 meters (NY, USA).

 

Flatiron building – the famous skyscraper-a wall with a height of 82 meters with the width of the North end of the house is only 2 meters (NY, USA).

In order not to disrupt transportation and architecture, streets or geographical features of the land.
 

The ultra-modern Gateway, which consists of two 37-storey skyscrapers thin (Singapore).

 

The ultra-modern Gateway, which consists of two 37-storey skyscrapers thin (Singapore).

Due to the high cost of land, so condensed, how could the projects have been created according to the geometry of the site.
 

"Home-box" in London West end is only 2.1 meters (UK).

 

"Home-box" in London West end is only 2.1 meters (UK).

The last two versions is closer to the truth, indeed some of the buildings were just jammed after a fairly dense development in existing stairs between the streets. But the version of the perpetuation of the architects who created such masterpieces, also has a right to exist.
 

Extremely narrow houses of Amsterdam, built in the XVII century (the Netherlands).

 

Extremely narrow houses of Amsterdam, built in the XVII century (the Netherlands).

 

Narrow merchant houses in Poznan (Poland).

 

Narrow merchant houses in Poznan (Poland).

Also there was a real reason why it was built unrealistically narrow house, because in some countries or specific cities only existed the tax for the width of the facade. And to save, for example, in Amsterdam or Poznan to XVII – XVII centuries had to be very uncomfortable, narrow house, and close to the neighborhood.
 

The famous "Corner five corners" in Saint Petersburg (Russia). | Photo: pleyadas.livejournal.com.

 

The famous "Corner five corners" in Saint Petersburg (Russia). | Photo: pleyadas.livejournal.com.

 

It looks like the room at the narrowest part of the "house of cardboard" in London (UK).

 

It looks like the room at the narrowest part of the "house of cardboard" in London (UK).

And now about the main thing: why do they look flat and there can live people? There are several options for achieving optical illusion. In some projects, houses one corner always being sharp, so if you look from his side of the building, you can see the house is a thin strip of the facade, more like a cardboard theatrical scenery, than on full house.
 

Thanks to the skillful use of optical illusions and the construction of one end of the structure at an acute angle the house is a flat ("the Witch house" from the inside, Odessa).

 

Thanks to the skillful use of optical illusions and the construction of one end of the structure at an acute angle the house is a flat ("the Witch house" from the inside, Odessa).

Even protruding window frames and balconies don't help to make believe in the reality of the existence of such constructions, until you pass a house on the other side, where the second end face has a quite normal shape and traditional size.
 

If you look at the house from the other end, then the illusion disappears.

 

If you look at the house from the other end, then the illusion disappears.

 

Modern house-wall in a residential district of Saint-Petersburg (Russia). | Photo: etovidel.net.

 

Modern house-wall in a residential district of Saint-Petersburg (Russia). | Photo: etovidel.net.

Of course, if you stand opposite the front of the facade or just walk on the sidewalk parallel to the building, it also has the usual form and does not differ from the overall architectural picture of the city.
 

The "cropped" the building of Paris – Skinny Haussmann Building (France). | Photo: pinterest.com.

 

The "cropped" the building of Paris – Skinny Haussmann Building (France). | Photo: pinterest.com.

Other flat house with a similar visual illusion to create somewhat differently: one of the end sides do narrow ledge, and if you look from this side, the building looks like the entire rear facade and just cut the front part there is absolutely nothing – not a house, and solid props.
 

Thanks to the creation of decorative ledge creates the illusion that the facade is nothing (Moscow, Russia). | Photo: mosprogulka.ru.

 

Thanks to the creation of decorative ledge creates the illusion that the facade is nothing (Moscow, Russia). | Photo: mosprogulka.ru.

But actually a little further from the ledge structure has a very familiar shape and correct proportions, which can be seen by going for a decorative element that adorns the narrow part of the house. In the case of such an amazing feature of the house can only be seen from a certain angle, so if you do not know where we must look, not just guess that he was just too special.
 

Unique narrowest house in the city of Kisarazu (Japan). | Photo: novosti-n.org.

 

Unique narrowest house in the city of Kisarazu (Japan). | Photo: novosti-n.org.

 

Super modern home is able to withstand even earthquakes.

 

Super modern home is able to withstand even earthquakes.

Well, the last option, which is inherent in modern futuristic buildings – the house is really narrow, without any optical illusions. Indeed, innovative technologies and achievements in the construction industry enable to create such an extraordinary building, and not inferior in security and resistance to various natural disasters to structures with standard dimensions.
 

House with extraordinary plan has always attracted attention.

 

House with extraordinary plan has always attracted attention.

Whatever the reasons are not motivated to build such extraordinary homes, and what technology or other artsy projects are not used, such works have always attracted attention. Of course, over time, they turn into a landmark, which is sought by crowds of curious onlookers.